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Real estate scams to avoid: A comprehensive guide

Real estate scams, avoid real estate scams, common real estate scams, real estate wire transfer fraud, foreclosure rescue scams
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Real estate scams, avoid real estate scams, common real estate scams, real estate wire transfer fraud, foreclosure rescue scams
Real estate scams


Most people spend a lot of money in real estate, so it's important to know about the scams that can happen. Criminals are always coming up with new ways to trick people, so you need to stay alert and learn about the newest scams.

Here are some types of real estate scams that happen a lot:

  1. Wire transfer fraud
  2. Foreclosure rescue scams.
  3. Rental scams.
  4. Title fraud.

We'll present you a thorough overview of real estate scams in this blog post. We will discuss every type of fraud, from simple to complex, and present you advice on how to keep yourself safe.

1: Wire transfer fraud

A clever scam that preys on people engaged in real estate transactions is wire transfer fraud. In this type of cybercrime, con artists snoop on email correspondence during a real estate deal in order to transfer money into an unapproved account. Those who fell for this fraud included unwary buyers, sellers, and even real estate industry experts who lost a lot of money.

How It Works: 

  • Con artists start by breaking into the email accounts of real estate brokers, title companies, or other parties to the real estate deal. They use malware, phishing scams, and other cyberattack techniques to do this.
  • After gaining access, they secretly keep an eye on the communications to spot impending transactions and find out the specifics—such as the persons involved, the closure date, and the sums shifting.
Deceptive Emails:
  • The con artist sends a phony email posing as the real estate agent, title firm, or another reliable source as the deal date draws near. If there is a "last-minute change" to the wiring instructions, the buyer or seller will be notified via email.
Fraudulent Instructions:
  • The money is to be sent to a bank account that the con artist controls according to the updated wire instructions. Because most of these accounts are offshore, it can be challenging to track down or retrieve money once it has been sent.
The Disappearing Act:
  • The con artist swiftly takes the money and vanishes after it has been transferred. Frequently, the money is lost forever by the time the victim discovers their mistake.
Preventing Wire Transfer Fraud:

Secure Communication:
  • When discussing transaction details, encourage the use of encrypted email or a secure client portal.
Voice Verification:
  • Never use the phone number listed in a possibly fraudulent email to confirm transfer instructions; instead, use a known number.
Educate All Parties:
  • Ensure that all parties to the transaction—buyers, sellers, agents, and other experts—are informed about this fraud and the warning signs to look out for.
Monitor Accounts Frequently:
  • Monitoring email and bank accounts for illegal or suspect activity on a regular basis can aid in early discovery.
Two-Factor Authentication:
  • To increase security, enable two-factor authentication on important accounts, such as email accounts.
Steer Clear of Email:
  • Steer clear of email whenever you can when transmitting sensitive data or financial transaction instructions. Use secure phone calls or in-person meetings instead.
Be Skeptical:
  • If payment instructions are changed at the last minute, always be wary, especially if email is the only means of communication.
Verify URLs:
  • Hover your cursor over email links to be sure they point to reputable websites before clicking on them. Check the domain name for typos or any changes that can point to a phishing website.

If You Become a Victim:

Speak with your bank:

  • Get in touch right away to ask whether they can reverse or stop the wire transfer.

Confirm with Authorities:

  • Notify the police in your area, and think about contacting the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Center as well.

Record Everything:

  • Keep track of all correspondence—including emails and transaction information—as these may be essential for inquiries.

Education and awareness are crucial. Real estate agents and individuals can take preventative action to safeguard themselves and their clients as they become more aware of this fraud.

2: Foreclosure rescue scams.

Scams resembling foreclosure rescues target householders who are financially distressed and at risk of having their properties foreclosed. Scams of this nature frequently offer ostensibly legitimate assistance in preventing foreclosure, but ultimately place the householder in a more precarious position than before.

How It Works:

Misleading Identity:
  • Con artists frequently take on the personas of counselors, lawyers, or representatives of government organizations or initiatives. Their papers and advertisements are created to look like they are from reputable companies.
Upfront Fees:
  • Usually, the con artist requests money up front, saying it would be utilized for payments to other service providers or for negotiating with the mortgage lender. After they receive the money, they typically don't help much at all.
Signing Documents:
  • It is possible to deceive homeowners into signing paperwork they do not comprehend. Sometimes people sign away their home's title without realizing it because they think they're getting a new loan.
Rental Agreement Scheme:
  • The con artist uses the promise that they can rent the property and eventually purchase it back to persuade homeowners to transfer the title of their home. But the terms are so bad that it is not possible to buy it back, and the homeowner forfeits the property.
Preventing Foreclosure Rescue Scams:

Avoid Upfront Fees:
  • It is against the law for businesses to demand payment in advance for services like loan modification or foreclosure aid. Any request for these kinds of expenses ought to raise an alarm right away.
Check Credentials:
  • Make sure to check the credentials of any group or person before cooperating with them. Verify their accreditation status and any complaints that may have been made against them.
Refrain from Signing Without Understanding:
  • Never sign documents that you haven't read all the way through or don't completely comprehend. It's wise to speak with a lawyer or other reliable source of advice before committing to anything legal.
Watch Out for Pressure Tactics:
  • Scammers frequently emphasize the urgency of homeowners acting immediately. A real professional won't pressure you to choose a decision right away.
If You Suspect a Scam:

  • The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), local law enforcement, and your state's attorney general office should all be notified if you think you have fallen victim to a hoax.
Terminate Communication:
  • Immediately cease all correspondence with the alleged con artist.
Keep Track of Everything:
  • Keep a file of all correspondence, payments, and documents pertaining to the alleged illicit activities.
The foreclosure process is emotionally exhausting. Being knowledgeable and vigilant is important since scammers target vulnerable homeowners. Knowing foreclosure rescue scams and where to get true help can change outcomes.

3: Rental scams.

Renters and landlords are targeted by rental scams. These frauds are common worldwide and can cost naive victims money and other problems. Since there are more online property listings, these scams have become more sophisticated.

How It Works:

False Rental Listings:
  • Con artists manufacture false rental listings by frequently stealing images and text from real advertisements. To draw in several possible tenants, they can list the home for less than the going rate.
Phantom Rentals:
  • Con artists market real estate that is either nonexistent or not for sale. The intention is to obtain security deposits, application fees, or even the first month's rent in exchange for nothing.
Advertisements that have been "hijacked":
  • Con artists hijack authentic rental or sales listings and replace the contact information with their own. Instead of corresponding with the actual landlord or agency, prospective tenants wind up corresponding with the con artist.
Duplicate Listings:
  • In order to swiftly entice victims, the fraudster reposts a genuine listing at a drastically discounted price. To justify the discounted fee, they could say they had to leave the nation unexpectedly or offer another pressing excuse.
False Landlord Scams:
  • Con artists pretend to be landlords who are unavailable for a showing, frequently citing their absence as the reason. Before allowing a prospective tenant to view the house, they may want payment, guaranteeing to mail the keys back.
Scam of the Overpayment:
  • A "renter" pays the landlord too much, frequently with a forged check, and then demands the difference be refunded. The landlord has already lost the returning funds by the time the check bounces.
Preventing Rental Scams:

See Before Paying:
  • Never send in a payment for a property before seeing it in person. Tenants who say they are out of the country or otherwise unable to display the property should be avoided.
Check Ownership:
  • Be sure the individual you're dealing with is the actual owner or property manager before sending any money. This can be accomplished by looking up property tax records or requesting to see ownership documentation.
Avoid Wiring Money:
  • Scammers frequently choose these and other difficult-to-trace payment options. Using credit cards or cheques, which create a paper trail, is always safer.
Research the Listing:
  • Check to discover if the property photographs are available elsewhere on the internet by doing a reverse image search on them. Additionally, you can look up the address of the property to check if there are any duplicate postings.
Be Cautious of High-Pressure Tactics:
  • Scammers frequently employ tactics to instill a sense of urgency, such as suggesting there are several potential tenants or employing various strategies to expedite the decision-making process.
Check Reviews:
  • If working with a rental agency or property management organization, seek for online reviews or complaints.
If You Suspect a Scam:

Put an end to Communication:
  • Cut off any correspondence with the alleged con artist.
Keep records of everything:
  • Emails, texts, and payment information should all be kept on file.
  • File a report about the scam with the applicable consumer protection organizations, the platform where the listing appeared, and the local law enforcement.
Whether you're renting as a tenant or a landlord, you should proceed cautiously and thoroughly. Preventative steps and awareness of common rental scams can save money and grief.

4: Title fraud.

Unauthorized use of a property's title is title fraud, a dangerous type of real estate fraud. The legitimate property owner may face serious financial losses and legal difficulties as a result. Because homeowners might not become aware of this fraud until they attempt to sell their property or refinance their mortgage, it is especially subtle.

How It Works:

Identity Theft:
  • Identity theft is often the first step towards title fraud. Homeowners' personal information is typically obtained by scammers through data breaches, phishing schemes, or pilfered mail.
Forging Documents:
  • To provide the impression that they are the property owner, fraudsters fabricate documents using identity theft. This can apply to powers of attorney, deeds, and other necessary documents.
Mortgage Transactions:
  1. Scammers can sell the house, obtain a second mortgage, or even obtain a home equity line of credit by using the falsified documentation. After that, they keep the money for themselves and leave the debt to the real homeowner.
False Sales:
  • Con artists may "sell" their stolen stuff to a stranger who may not be aware that it is a hoax. Innocent purchasers may also suffer in these situations.
Preventing Title Fraud:

Keep an eye on Personal Information:
  • Continually review your credit record to look for any oddities or unapproved transactions. Unexpected home equity or mortgage loans may be cause for concern.
Title Insurance:
  • Title insurance can guard against fraud involving the transfer of ownership of real estate as well as any legal expenses related to doing so.
Safeguard Personal Information:
  • Use caution while disclosing personal information, particularly on the internet. Make sure mailboxes are locked, and be cautious about unsolicited calls asking for personal information.
Check Property Records Often:
  • Make sure no alterations have been performed without your awareness by periodically checking your property's public records.
Employ a Reputable Title business:
  • When purchasing or disposing of a house, deal with a trustworthy title business that can assist in identifying and discouraging fraudulent activity.
Safeguard Digital Data:
  • Since a lot of business is done online, make sure that any electronic transactions involving your property are carried out on secure networks. For online accounts, use strong, one-of-a-kind passwords, and if you can, turn on two-factor authentication.
If You Suspect Title Fraud:

Contact the Police:
  • You should notify law authorities of any suspicions of title fraud right away because it is a criminal act.
Consult with an Attorney:
  • Get in touch with a real estate lawyer to assist you in fighting any improper transactions and resolving the title issue.
Notify Financial Institutions:
  • Notify your bank or the relevant financial institution of the scam if it pertains to a mortgage or home equity loan.
Credit Bureaus:
  • Submit a fraud report to the main credit bureaus, and they will add a fraud warning to your account, making it more difficult for the con artist to create new accounts in your name.
Check Your Title:
  • Collaborate with a title company to examine and address any inconsistencies in the title of your home.
Title fraud can cause significant financial and emotional harm, considering the profound emotional investment that numerous individuals place in their residences. Proactively monitoring and protecting personal and property information is an essential measure in preventing this form of fraudulent activity.


Real estate scams can cost people a lot of money and ruin their lives. It is less likely that you will fall for a scam if you learn about them and take steps to protect yourself.

If you think you've been a victim of a real estate scam, you should call the police right away. You can also tell the Federal Trade Commission what's wrong.

About the Author

Hey there! My name is Bisnu Ray, also known as Smart Bisnu, a Programmer, and Web Developer from Dinajpur Bangladesh. I love to Code and create interesting things while playing with it.

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